"The World and Japan" Database (Project Leader: TANAKA Akihiko)
Database of Japanese Politics and International Relations
National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS); Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia (IASA), The University of Tokyo

[Title] 5th World Water Forum Heads of State Appeal

[Place] Istanbul, Turkey
[Date] March 16, 2009
[Source] Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan
[Full text]

We, the undersigned Heads of States, Governments and International Organizations, gathered in Istanbul on 16 March 2009 on the occasion of the 5th World Water Forum, under the theme "Bridging Divides for Water", appeal to all national governments, international organizations and other stakeholders to generate a common vision and framework to develop and manage water resources in a sustainable manner and to secure access to safe water and sanitation for all.

Water sustains human life and the environment; it connects people, cultures and economies. Water is indispensable for all economic and social development, food security, and ending poverty and hunger. It is also essential to achieve the Millennium Development Goals and internationally agreed-upon targets.

The world is facing major global changes, such as rapid population growth, migration, urbanization, land-use changes, economic expansion, changes in trade patterns, climate change, which have a direct impact on water resources. These global changes are seriously threatening water availability and quality and encourage over-extraction. The recent economic and financial crises also must be acknowledged and their consequences on water resources management and services urgently need to be evaluated.

Water also has a power to destroy lives and livelihoods as has been experienced through floods, hurricanes and droughts, and climate change is expected to exacerbate these already disastrous events.

Water resources cannot be managed without appropriate capacity and properly designed and maintained infrastructure. Thus, investment in these areas should be given the highest priority.

Many decisions taken at all levels of government both influence and depend significantly on water. Yet the link is rarely recognized and much less acted upon.

Therefore, we urgently need new policies, adaptation strategies, institutional reforms, international commitments, additional financial mechanisms, technology and innovation in order to address global water issues and adapt water management strategies to the global changes.

We affirm our political will to take rapid action bearing in mind the three key elements of success: Solidarity, security and adaptability. Working together with a participatory, inter-sectoral and multi-disciplinary approach to manage water resources, the world can and will attain greater prosperity and increased stability through the sharing of the many benefits of water.

To achieve this, we call on all nations to join efforts in order to develop a global framework for addressing the world's water issues and to implement tools that will help us accomplish solidarity, security and adaptability.

We, the Heads of States, Governments and International Organizations gathered in Istanbul, pledge to create a more sustainable and water safe world and, in this context, appeal to everyone to join us in meeting this challenge.