"The World and Japan" Database (Project Leader: TANAKA Akihiko)
Database of Japanese Politics and International Relations
National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS); Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia (IASA), The University of Tokyo

[Title] G20 Action Agenda on Adaptation and Resilient Infrastructure

[Date] June 16, 2019
[Source] Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan
[Full text]

Understanding the importance of efforts on adaptation and resilient infrastructure, and recognizing the potential for synergies of such efforts, the G20 members have been discussing adaptation and resilient infrastructure since the G20 Hamburg Summit in 2017 under the German Presidency. The Climate Sustainability Working Group (CSWG), under the Argentine Presidency in 2018, has developed the G20 Adaptation Work Program (2018-2019) building on the work achieved during the German presidency, and the G20 Country Experience on Climate and Energy.

The Japanese Presidency has continued open and constructive discussions at the CSWG this year based on the previous discussions and outcomes, while several activities, such as reports and short studies related to adaptation issues as well as events and workshops, have been conducted by G20 members as contribution to the two-year work program. The issue was further discussed by the G20 Environment Ministers in Karuizawa, Nagano, Japan on 15 and 16 June, 2019.

This G20 Action Agenda on Adaptation and Resilient Infrastructure is concluded by the G20 Environment Ministers as one of outcomes of the G20 Adaptation Work Program (2018-2019), which outlines actions, initiatives, and best practices that G20 members wish to highlight and share with other countries, drawing upon relevant discussions under the CSWG. The Action Agenda contains a variety of actions on climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction, and quality and resilient infrastructure at multilateral, bilateral, regional, national, and local levels.

These actions have various objectives and features such as the following, which were recognized as significant tools which can be used to foster climate resilience:

- Taking a comprehensive approach to develop a strategic planning process for adaptation, disaster risk reduction, and sustainable development;

- Accumulating and sharing knowledge, information, and best practices for adaptation planning;

- Enhancing enabling environments and developing capacities for adaptation, resilience, and disaster risk reduction;

- Providing public finance, engaging the private sector, and mobilizing private finance and investment; Promoting ecosystem-based approaches and enhanced efforts in adaptation and disaster prevention which suit the local situations and conditions.

By implementing these actions collectively or individually, and sharing their experiences with others, G20 members can contribute to enhancing adaptation and resilient infrastructure in G20 and other countries. In this regard, each G20 member intends to make efforts to highlight or further enhance its activities including those listed in the Action Agenda. G20 members may wish to continue to build on the Action Agenda by supporting related actions and by providing additional actions as appropriate in the future, subject to the leadership of future G20 Presidencies.

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