"The World and Japan" Database (Project Leader: TANAKA Akihiko)
Database of Japanese Politics and International Relations
National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS); Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia (IASA), The University of Tokyo

[Title] Statements made by H.E. Mr. Kazuo Kodama, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Deputy Permanent Representative of Japan to the UN in exercise of the right of reply, following the statement made by H.E. Mr. Yang Jiechi, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China at the General Debate of the 67th Session of the UN General Assembly on 27 September, 2012

[Date] September 27, 2012
[Source] Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan
[Notes] , downloaded on December 6, 2017
[Full text]

On the evening of 27 September (NY time), H.E. Mr. Yan Jeichi, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China, made China's own assertion. In response to this statement, the Japanese government exercised its right of reply stating its basic position, and pointed out that China's own assertions have no grounds at all.

- Prime Minister Noda in his General Debate statement stressed that various issues of international society must be solved by reason and not by force. Also, he has repeatedly pointed out the importance of "rule of law" which is a basis for global peace, stability, prosperity, and any attempt to realize a country's ideology or claim by unilateral use of force or threat is inconsistent with the fundamental spirit of the UN charter.

- There is no doubt that the Senkaku Islands are clearly an inherent territory of Japan, based on historical facts and international law. Indeed, the Senkaku Islands are under the valid control of Japan. China's own assertions have no grounds at all. In any case, there exists no issue of territorial sovereignty to be resolved concerning the Senkaku Island.

- The Government of Japan made a Cabinet Decision in January 1895 to formally incorporate the Senkaku Islands into the territory of Japan, while the island of Formosa and the islands appertaining or belonging to it were ceded to Japan in accordance with the Treaty of Shimonoseki which was signed in April 1895. Therefore it is clear that such an assertion that Japan took the islands cannot logically stand at the outset. In any case, from 1885, surveys of the Senkaku Islands had been thoroughly conducted by Japan. Through these surveys, it was confirmed that the Senkaku Islands had been not only uninhabited but had shown no trace of having been under the control of China. Based on this confirmation Japan formally incorporated the Senkaku Islands into the territory of Japan.

- Japan renounced the territorial sovereignty over the Island of Formosa (Taiwan) and the Pescadores ceded by China after the Sino-Japanese War, in accordance with Article 2(b) of the San Francisco Peace Treaty. However, it was made clear that the Senkaku Islands were not included in "the Formosa and the Pescadores", by the fact that the United States actually exercised administrative rights over the Senkaku Islands as part of the "Nansei Shoto (South West Islands)" in accordance with Article 3 of the San Francisco Peace Treaty, and the Islands were explicitly included in the areas whose administrative rights reverted to Japan in 1972.

- It has only been since the 1970s that the Government of China began making its own assertions on territorial sovereignty over the Senkaku Islands, which constitute Japan's inherent territory. Until then, they had never expressed any objections to Japan, nor did they protest the fact that the Islands were included in the area over which the United States exercised administrative rights in accordance with Article 3 of the San Francisco Peace Treaty.

- The posture of easily attributing the difference of opinion to the past war is an action to evade from the essence of the issue. It is not just unconvincing but also unproductive.