"The World and Japan" Database (Project Leader: TANAKA Akihiko)
Database of Japanese Politics and International Relations
National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS); Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia (IASA), The University of Tokyo

[Title] Joint Communique of Japanese Prime Minister Kishi and U.S. President Eisenhower Issued on January 19, 1960

[Place] Washington
[Date] January 19, 1960
[Source] A Documentary History of U.S.-Japanese Relations, 1945-1997, pp.500-503. Public Papers of the President: Dwight D.Eisenhower, 1960, pp. 113-116.
[Full text]

The Prirne Minister of Japan and the President of the United States conferred at the White House today prior to the formal signing of the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between Japan and the United States. Their discussions were devoted chiefly to a broad and comprehensive review of current international developments, and to an examination of Japanese-American relations. Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs Fujiyama and American Secretary of State Herter also took part in the White House talks. Later the Prime Minister and his party conferred with the Secretary of State on matters of mutual concern to the two countries.

1. The Prime Minister and the President first discussed the international situation. The President told the Prime Minister of the profound impression made upon him during his recent trip to South Asia, the Near East, Africa and Europe by the overwhelming desire throughout these areas for early realization of the goals of the United Nations, international peace, respect for human rights, and a better life. In discussing the international situation, the President stated his determination to exert every effort at the impending summit meeting to achieve meaningful progress toward these goals. The Prime Minister expressed full agreement and support for the President's determination.

In this connection, the Prime Minister and the President agreed that disarmament with the essential guarantees of inspection and verification, is a problem of urgent and central importance to all nations, whose resolution would contribute greatly to reducing the burden of armaments and the risk of war. They expressed the further hope that early agreement can be reached on an adequately safeguarded program for the discontinuance of nuclear weapons tests. They concluded that the world is entering a period affording important opportunities which they have every intention of exploring most seriously but only on the basis of tested performance not merely promises. Both leaders recognized that all of man's intellect wisdom and imagination must be brought into full play to achieve a world at peace under justice and freedom. They expressed the conviction that, during this period and particularly until all nations abide faithfully by the purposes and principles of the U.N. and forego the resort to force, it is essential for free nations to maintain by every means their resolution, their unity and their strength.

2. The Prime Minister and the President considered the security relationship between Japan and the United States in the light of their evaluation of the current international situation and declared that this closer relationship was essential to the achievement of peace in justice and freedom. They are convinced that the partnership and cooperation between their two nations is strengthened by the new treaty which has been drawn up on the basis of the principles of equal sovereignty and mutual cooperation that characterize the present relationship between the two countries. Both leaders look forward to the ratification of the treaty and to the celebration of this year of the centennial of Japan's first diplomatic mission to the United States as further demonstrations of the strength and continuity of Japanese-American friendship.

In viewing relations between Japan and the United States since their last meeting in June 1957, the Prime Minister and the President expressed particular gratification at the success of efforts since that time to develop the new era in relations between the two countries based on common interest, mutual trust, and the principles of cooperation.

Both the Prime Minister and the President looked ahead to continued close cooperation between the two countries within the framework of the new Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security. They are convinced that the treaty will materially strengthen peace and security in the Far East and advance the cause of peace and freedom throughout the world. They are convinced also that the treaty will foster an atomosphere of mutual confidence. In this connection, the Prime Minister discussed with the President the question of prior consultation under the new treaty. The President assured him that the United States government has no intention of acting in a manner contrary to the wishes of the Japanese government with respect to the matters involving prior consultation under the treaty.

The Prime Minister and the President also discussed the situation in Asia. They reaffirmed their belief that they should maintain close contact and consultation with relation to future development in this area. They agreed that Japan's increasing participation in the international discussion of the problem of Asia will be in the interest of the free world.

3. The Prime Minister and the President agreed that the expansion of trade among free nations, the economic progress and elevation of living standards in less developed countries are of paramount importance, and will contribute to stability and progress so essential to the achievement of peace in the world.

The Prime Minister and the President exchanged views on the European Economic and Trade Communities and on the role that can be played by the industrialized free world countries in the economic development of the less developed areas. Both leaders called particular attention to the urgent desire of peoples in the less developed areas of the world for the economic advancement without which they cannot preserve their freedom. They stressed the role which increasingly must be played by the industrialized nations of the free world in assisting the progress of the less developed areas. The President particularly referred to the increasing role the Japanese people are playing in the economic development of free Asia.

In considering economic relations between Japan and the United States the Prime Minister and the President recognized that trade between their two nations is of great benefit to both countries, noting that the United States is the largest purchaser of Japanese exports, and Japan is the second largest buyer of American goods. They expressed gratification at the growth of mutually profitable trade between the two countries. They reaffirmed their conviction that the continued and orderly expansion of world trade, through the avoidance of arbitrary and new unnecessary trade restrictions, and through active measures to remove existing obstacles, is essential to the well-being and progress of both countries.

The Prime Minister stressed the importance of Japan and the United States consulting on a continuing basis with regard to economic matters of mutual interest. The President expressed full agreement to this view.

4. The President expressed his particular gratification that the Prime Minister could come to Washington on this occasion so important in Japanese-American relations. The Prime Minister expressed his appreciation for the opportunity to meet again with the President.

The Prime Minister and the President agreed that their talks will contribute to the continued strengthening of the Japanese-American partnership.