"The World and Japan" Database (Project Leader: TANAKA Akihiko)
Database of Japanese Politics and International Relations
National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS); Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia (IASA), The University of Tokyo

[Title] Annex 1: Factsheet – Japan's support since the 8th Pacific Islands Leaders Meeting (PALM8),

[Date] July 2, 2021
[Source] Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan
[Full text]

1. A Maritime Order based on the Rule of Law and Sustainability of Ocean Resources

* Building maritime safety, security and law enforcement capacity

- Building maritime safety, security and law enforcement capacity

- Training to combat Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing (PNG, Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, Samoa, Solomon, Marshall, FSM, Palau, Kiribati, Tuvalu, Nauru)

- Maritime law enforcement training at the University of the South Pacific (Cook, Kiribati, Nauru, PNG, Fiji, Marshall, Samoa, Solomon, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu)

- Provision of equipment to enhance maritime security capacity (Palau, Fiji, PNG, Marshall)

- Dispatch of Japan Coast Guard Mobile Cooperation Team (MCT) (Palau)

- Providing online training conducted by Japan Coast Guard MCT (Palau)

* Managing living marine resources and conserving marine environment

- JICA training in promoting resource management (Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, PNG, Tonga, Vanuatu, FSM, Solomon, Samoa, Palau)

- FAO Project for Enhancing Livelihood and Food Security through Fisheries with Nearshore Fish Aggregating Devices in the Pacific Ocean (Kiribati, Samoa, Tuvalu, Palau, Vanuatu, Fiji, Marshall)

- Technical Cooperation on managing marine resources and the environment (Vanuatu, Palau, PNG)

- Provision of oil fences for marine environmental protection (Marshall)

- Wartime sunken ship oil leak and unexploded ordnance abatement (FSM, Palau)

- Provision of maritime security equipment (Palau, Fiji)

- Technical training for monitoring technologies for marine environment (FSM, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Marshall)

* Enhanced connectivity through marine transportation networks

- Provision of an international cargo/passenger vessel for overseas transportation (Samoa)

- Assistance to build a multi-purpose vessel for remote island development (Tuvalu)

- Provision of port-related equipment (Nauru)

- Dispatch of an expert on vessel management (Fiji)

2. Strengthening the Basis for Resilient and Sustainable Development

* Climate Change

- Up to $ 1.5 billion in additional contributions to the Green Climate Fund

- Workshops to introduce renewable energy (Fiji, Palau, PNG, FSM, Samoa, Solomon)

- The Project for the Introduction of Hybrid Power Generation Systems in Pacific Island Countries (Fiji, Tuvalu, Kiribati, FSM, Marshall)

* Further enhancement of disaster-relief capacity

- Women's leadership training in tsunami disaster risk reduction (PNG, Solomon, FSM, Palau, Marshall, Samoa, Tonga, Fiji, Nauru, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Vanuatu, Cook, Niue)

- Provision of equipment to enhance capacity for disaster prevention and mitigation (Cook, Niue, Fiji, Palau, FSM, Marshall, Samoa, Kiribati)

- Research on the utilization of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for disaster management (Vanuatu, Fiji, Tuvalu, Samoa, Tonga, Solomon)

- Project for Introduction of a Nationwide Early Warning System and Strengthening Disaster Communications (Tonga) and Project for the Disaster Reconstruction of Teouma Bridge (Vanuatu)

- Stand-by Loan for Disaster Recovery and Rehabilitation (Fiji)

- Invitation to Japan Self-Defense Forces' training on humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HA/DR) (PNG, Fiji, Tonga)

- Capacity building on heavy machinery equipment maintenance for Military Engineer Unit (PNG)

- Japan-Pacific Islands public-private disaster prevention seminar (PNG, FSM, Palau, Marshall, Tonga, Fiji)

- Improvement of water reservoir (Marshall)

* Improvement of living and sanitary conditions through enhanced waste management capacity

- Promotion of Regional Initiative on Solid Waste Management Phase 2 (Fiji, FSM, Palau, PNG, Marshall, Samoa, Solomon, Tonga, Vanuatu)

- Project for the Construction of National Landfill (Palau)

* Improvement of local agriculture and forestry development

- Demonstration Experiment of vegetable cultivation (Palau)

- Development of sustainable resource management systems (Palau, Fiji)

- Breeding of tree species used for windbreak and tide damage prevention to contribute towards coastal disaster prevention (Fiji)

- Cooperation for sustainable forest management, timber trade, and supply chains through the International Tropical Timber Organization (PNG, Fiji)

* Industrial infrastructure development, including airports

- Palau International airport (Palau) and Honiara airport redevelopment projects (Solomon), and provision of loan through the Leading Asia's Private Infrastructure Fund for airline management (Fiji)

- Pilot project for ICT network development using optical fibre and wireless system (Tuvalu) - Provision of boats, ice machines, etc., to support fisheries (Marshall, Kiribati, Solomon, Palau, FSM, PNG, Fiji, Tuvalu, Nauru)

- Provision of security capacity improvement equipment (FSM)

- World Customs Organization capacity building support (PNG, Samoa, Tonga, Fiji, Vanuatu)

- Development of resilient education system through promoting online education (Samoa)

- Provision of loan (Japan Bank for International Cooperation) and insurance (Nippon Export and Investment Insurance) for undersea cable together with the United States and Australia (Palau)

- JBIC's investment in renewable energy projects (Fiji)

- Improvement of local power supply network (PNG)

- Improvement of highways (Solomon)

* Boosting private-sector Japan-FIC business exchanges

- Business seminars (Palau, Fiji)

- Public-private business delegation visits (Palau, Fiji)

- Fishing industry promotion support (Solomon, PNG, Marshall, Palau)

* Further improvement of social services, including healthcare, medicine and education

- COVID-19-related health and medical support, including provision of medical equipment (all 14 Pacific Island countries)

- COVID-19 Crisis Response Emergency Support Loan (PNG, Fiji, Solomon)

- Dispatch of the Japan Disaster Relief Infectious Disease Response Teams and provision of emergency relief supplies (Samoa, Fiji)

- Technical Cooperation to control communicable and non-communicable diseases, including filaria (Solomon, Kiribati, PNG, Samoa, FSM, Fiji, Tuvalu)

- Pacific Partnership medical activities (Palau, FSM, Marshall)

- Anti-Malaria, Tuberculosis and HIV campaigns via the Global Fund (Solomon, PNG, Vanuatu, Cook, Niue, FSM, Kiribati, Nauru, Palau, Marshall, Samoa, Tonga)

- Provision of medical equipment (Samoa); agricultural equipment (Niue); and drinking water supply equipment (Cook)

- Development of school facilities and provision of related equipment (Palau, FSM, Marshall, Nauru, Kiribati, PNG, Fiji, Solomon, Vanuatu, Tuvalu, Samoa, Tonga, Cook)

- Technical cooperation on general management of intellectual property office (Vanuatu)

- Supporting Master's degree acquisition in sport management and business programs and Olympic studies (Fiji, Samoa)

3. Connecting Pacific Citizens

* Youth exchanges

- Invitation of 330 university students (all 14 Pacific island countries) to Japan and dispatch of Japanese high school students through the JENESYS program (Palau)

- Mutual visits by 296 youths through the Children Exchange Program with Micronesian Islands Nature Experience Exchange Program (Palau, Marshall, FSM)

- Invitation of 92 youths to Japan through Sakura Science Exchange Program (Palau, FSM, Marshall, Tonga, Samoa, Fiji, PNG)

* Pacific-LEADS / SDGs global leader program

- Support for 59 students at Japanese graduate institutions (Cook, FSM, Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Palau, PNG, Marshall, Samoa, Solomon, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu)

* Support for Human Resource Development

- More than 400 Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers and more than 700 JICA experts dispatched to Pacific Island countries (all 14 Pacific island countries)

- More than 900 participants for training in Japan hosted by JICA (all 14 Pacific island countries)

* Sports and local exchanges

- Team camp exchanges during the 2019 Rugby World Cup (Tonga, Samoa, Fiji)

- Support for expanding the number of Paralympic participating countries (Kiribati, Vanuatu, Solomon, PNG, Fiji)

- JET Program exchanges (Tonga, Fiji)

* Enhancement of Japanese language education

- Japanese Language Programs for overseas foreign service officers, overseas students and teachers of Japanese Language (Tonga, Palau, Marshall, FSM, PNG, Vanuatu, Samoa, Kiribati); Support for Organizations providing Japanese Language Education (Palau); Japanese lessons at the University of the South Pacific

* Japan Self-Defense Forces (JSDF) exchanges

- JSDF ship and aircraft visits (Palau, FSM, Marshall, Fiji, PNG, Solomon)

- Capacity building for Military band (PNG)

* Cultural exchanges

- Offering a variety of Japanese television programs (dramas, anime, documentaries and movies) to TV stations through the Japan Foundation (Fiji, Palau, PNG, Marshall, Samoa, Solomon, Tonga)

- Grant Program for Enhancing People-to-People Exchange through the Japan Foundation (Marshall)

- Grant for International Exchange of Youth and Community Leaders through the Japan Foundation (Fiji)